As you face the possibility of a pregnancy that was not in your plans, you may think abortion is your only option. It isn’t. Before you make any decision, it’s important to know more about abortion procedures, side effects, and potential risks. 

You deserve to know the facts – and we’re happy to give you as much factual information as we can.


Abortion is a process by which a woman terminates a pregnancy. There are two primary methods of abortion: surgical and chemical. It’s not just a simple medical procedure. For many women, abortion is a life-changing event with significant physical, emotional and spiritual consequences.


The type of abortion you have depends on how long you’ve been pregnant.  If your pregnancy is ten weeks or less, you typically have a medical abortion. Beyond ten weeks, you are likely to have a surgical abortion.


Another name for medical abortion is the abortion pill. It’s a series of two drugs that end your pregnancy by causing contractions that expel the pregnancy from your body. You can only use the abortion pill method if your pregnancy is less than 10 weeks. 

Some side effects and potential risks of the abortion pill method (medical method) include:

  • An incomplete abortion, requiring surgery
  • Heavy and prolonged bleeding
  • Abdominal and/or pelvic pain
  • Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting
  • Infection


A surgical abortion is performed in a clinic. There are different types of surgical procedures that depend on how far along you are in your pregnancy. Each procedure requires your cervix to be dilated (opened), so the pregnancy can be taken out. Vacuum aspiration, a scraping tool, and forceps may be used to remove the pregnancy. 

Some side effects and potential risks of surgical abortion include:

  • Perforation of the uterus
  • Damage to the cervix
  • Scar tissue on the uterine wall
  • Infection
  • Heavy bleeding


As you can see, knowing how far along you are in your pregnancy is important. We can give you a free ultrasound referral so you can access this key information that will determine what type of abortion will be an option for you. 

​We know how difficult and even life-altering these situations can be. The team at Birthline is here to answer any questions you have about your pregnancy options.

We will do everything we can to ensure you receive the help you need — with no strings attached. Please call us today to schedule an appointment. You are not alone.